The Egg Drill

A Simple Way To Develop Water-Tight Defences

I remember when Alex started training Jiu Jitsu. He was athletic, good at scrambling, and had the heart of a lion. Because of these attributes, if he got on top, he would often catch his training partners in submissions or

However, the moment he got stuck on his back defending, he turned from a mat monster into something more like Bambi skating on ice. His arms and legs would be everywhere, and he’d try and bench press his partners off instead of using a solid technique.

Inevitably his opponents would pass his defences like butter and end up in a strong attacking position.

Defending the choke in BJJ

And at some point in your Jiu Jitsu journey, I’m sure you’ll have experienced this too. You got stuck on the bottom, and no matter how hard you fight your opponent breaches your defences and squash you like a bug.

Often the problem is not your ability to sweep or submit your opponent, instead, the problem is you are exposing your defences and making yourself vulnerable to attacks

A few years ago, I noticed this was a common problem in my beginner students. So set about creating a way to help teach them basic positional defence and guard recovery.

Enter The Egg Drill

After a little trial and error, the Egg was born (maybe laid is apter)

The fundamental principle behind the egg is to create a defensive shell. To do this you keep your elbows and knees tight to your body, and your chin tucked.

If you do this correctly, it becomes incredibly difficult for your partner to attack you regardless of the position they are in plus they will find it tough to stabilise any dominant position.

Now, before we go any further, this is just a drill or concept. It is not supposed to be specific technique, and if you’re sparring I would not advise you using this as your primary form of attack

However, if you are continually getting your guard passed or easily submitted, practising this drill will be of great benefit to you.

Essentially, there are three parts to this drill with each part building on the last. The drill starts by teaching you how to keep your defences tight, then progresses with how to recover guard, and finishes with how to you can use the concept in sparring situations.

Below you’ll find the thought process behind each part of the drill and video outline how to perform it.

Part 1: Understanding The Egg

The first part of the drill is simply getting used to keeping a tight defensive and demonstrate how easy it can be. To do this, you have to keep your elbows and knees tight to your body and keep your chin tucked in tight.

There should be no space for your partner to get inside of the frame and they shouldn’t be able to separate your limbs from your body.

When you can do this effectively, it becomes very hard for you opponent to set up any submission opportunities or stabilise a dominant position.

The video below shows how to perform part 1 of the Egg drill. The first time you do this, it’s a good idea to start slowly and gradually increase the pressure as your partner develops the defensive capabilities.

Part 2: Defending The Egg

Once you get comfortable with the defensive position, the next step is to stop them getting around your guard.

It is impossible for your opponent to be attacking both sides of your body at once. Consequently, you can use the side they’re not attacking to defend your opponents pass attempts or recover guard.

The second part of the drill is the start of integrating the Egg concept into sparring. Check out the video below to see exactly how to do part 2 of the drill.

Part 3: Opening The Egg

Obviously, keeping your hands connected to your shins and your legs tucked into your body isn’t an effective way to play Jiu Jitsu. Consequently, the final part of the drill is all about how you use the Egg concept within your Jiu Jitsu.

The video below shows how to perform part 3 of the Egg drill.

How To Become One With The Egg

Like almost technique or concept in Jiu Jitsu, you need to practice the Egg to make it instinctive and be able to use it when you need to.

However, this is relatively easy. Simply take some time before or after your regular Jiu Jitsu training and practice each of the drills in order.

A short training plan (less than 15 minutes) could look something like this.

The Egg Part 1: 2 x 1 min rounds (alternate attacker and defender)
The Egg Part 2: 2 x 1 min rounds (alternating)
The Egg Part 3: 2 x 1 min rounds (alternating)

Remember, gradually increase the intensity as your partner improves, and if your partner is struggling to take the intensity back a notch.

If you did this plan for a month I can guarantee your guard retention and defence would increase dramatically. This short training plan also at as a great warm up for any guard training or defensive work.

If you enjoyed this article or found it useful, leave a comment below and let me know. I always appreciate the feedback.

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  1. says

    Hello Tom, loved the concept and the progression videos. Thanks for this. I was wondering if you had any advise in terms of incorporating this idea into competition prep or more points based system?

    It is a great defensive technique, so would you mind suggesting perhaps two or three sneaky offensive subs that might complement the egg?

    Finally, I must ask, because I always do- why did you start training BJJ?


    • Tom Barlow says

      Hey Chris,

      Thanks for the comment. Really the egg drill is designed to teach people to keep their defences tight.

      Most people do the opposite of this.

      A great example is if you watch a newer student try to prevent a guard pass. They instinctively kick out and open their egg. This will inevitably lead them to getting passed.

      As I’ve said to a number of people, pulling Egg guard would be a bad idea.

      Instead, they should keep their limbs in tight (egg) and wait for their opponent to come to them. This will allow them to set up their grips and establish a guard.

      As for why I started, I watch Royce Gracie destroy his opponents in the early UFC’s and recognised if I wanted to be a complete martial artist I needed to learn Jiu Jitsu.

      – Tom

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